Tunisia: Country Rates First Democracy in Arab World Democratic Index 2015
The North African country tormented by social riots due to chronic economic difficulties has fared well in term of democracy among other Arab countries, according to Economist Intelligence Unit; a search and analysis division of The Economist Group.
Tunisia is described as the only country which continued building democratic foundations in 2015, with the October 2014 parliamentary election which attracted higher turnout than in the previous polls.
The report also explained that Tunisia stood out among Arab countries which descended further into turbulences, civil wars and establishment of more authoritarian regimes in recent years. Tunisia made landmark move by shifting from a “hybrid regime” to a “flawed democracy” in 2014 and after providing spur for the Arab Spring in 2010.
The report is based on five criteria namely electoral process and pluralism; civil liberties; the functioning of government; political participation; and political culture.
According to the report, Tunisia obtained the 57th ranking worldwide and the first in the Arab world thanks to good scores on “electoral process and pluralism” criteria. It however regressed in terms of “civil liberties.”
Tunisia ranks seventh in Africa behind a chart dominated by Mauritius (18th worldwide) Botswana (28th worldwide) Cape Verde (32nd worldwide) South Africa (37tharound the world) and Ghana (53rd worldwide.)
The top spot is dominated by Norway followed by Iceland and Sweden.
The 2015 report titled “Democracy in an age of anxiety” identified four categories of regimes: “full democracies”; “flawed democracies”; “hybrid regimes”; and “authoritarian regimes”.