Lacking Open Economy, Algeria Maintains Closed Border Policy

Algeria has kept its borders with Morocco closed since 1994 because it lacks a dynamic private sector that is able to compete in a free market, Moroccan ambassador Hassan Abou Ayoub said.

Keeping borders sealed runs against the ideal of achieving integration in the Maghreb region, the diplomat told Italian journalists on the sidelines of a conference on the Mediterranean region, held last week.

“Algeria kept borders closed with Morocco because it is not prepared to integration,” Abou Ayoub said.

“Algeria is not well prepared for competition with Morocco and Tunisia in fields such as industry, agriculture and services,” he said.

Drawing on the example of the European Union and its integration process, Abou Ayoub noted that the lack of dialogue between Algeria and Morocco and the absence of bilateral cooperation between the two heavy weights of the Maghreb as well as the bleak prospects surrounding the Algerian economy are all factors that have kept the North African region one of the least integrated in the globe.

In this respect, he said that the Sahara issue is a bilateral conflict between Morocco and Algeria and that any solution would require an active involvement of Algeria, which hosts, funds and defends the Polisario separatists.

The state of trade between the five AMU countries, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya and Mauritania, does not exceed 3% of total Maghreb trade. It is one of the lowest in Africa if not in the whole world.

If the five Maghreb countries were integrated, each would gain a minimum 5% rise in GDP, the World Economic Forum said in a report published in late 2017.

Deeper integration, including the liberalizing of services and reform of investment rules would have increased the per capita real GDP between 2005 and 2015 by 34% for Algeria, 27% for Morocco and 24% for Tunisia.

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